Musical terms are mostly written in Italian (and are often abbreviated)
|The ones you will use most concern dynamics.|
|piano||/pee - AH - no/||p||soft|
|mezzo piano||/MED‑zo/‑/pee‑AH‑no/||mp||moderately soft|
|mezzo forte||/MED - zo/ -/FOR - tay/||mf||moderately loud|
|forte||/FOR - tay/||f||loud|
|fortissimo||/for - TEE - see - mo/||ff||very loud|
|Some signs you will see (and will often want to add to you own music)|
|/cray - SHEN -doe/||cresc||gradually becoming louder|
|/DEE ‑ cray ‑ SHEN ‑ doe/||decresc||gradually becoming softer|
|/fair - MAH - tah/||fermata||pause|
|da capo||/da/ - /CAP-o/||D.C.||
Go back to the beginning (In Italian, "da" means From and "capo" means Head)
|da capo al fine||/da/ /CAP ‑ o/ /al/ /FIN ‑ ay/||
"From Head to 'Fine'"
Begin again but only sing until you see the word 'Fine' (In Italian, "al" means To and "fine" means finish)
|/SAIN - yo/||the sign|
|dal segno||/dal/ /SAIN-yo/||D.S.||
Go back and sing from where you see the sign
|dal segno al fine||/dal/ /SAIN-yo/ /al/ /FIN-ay/||
"From Sign to 'Fine'"
Go back to the sign and sing until you see the word Fine
|/CO - da/||The coda (Italian for tail or closing section of music)|
|DS al coda||
"From Sign to Coda"
Go back and sing from where you see the sign until you see the coda, then jump to the last coda
Some flashcards to test your new language:
And just for fun, when you come back from Italy, a welcome home...